The Calbiotech Salmonella IgM ELISA Kit is intended for the detection of IgM antibody to Salmonella in human serum or plasma.
SUMMARY AND EXPLANATION
Salmonella typhi is the causative agent of typhoid fever a contagious infection of the intestines that affects the whole body. In developing countries, typhoid often occurs in epidemics. Most people in the United States get typhoid as a result of visiting another country where the food or water supply has been contaminated. Symptoms usually start 1 to 3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Symptoms include: high fever, headache, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash and weakness. The symptoms may take 2 weeks or more to go away. Typhoid is spread when a person drinks or eats food and water contaminated by human waste (stool or urine) containing Salmonella typhi bacteria.A person who no longer has symptoms may still transmit the bacteria as a carrier. Testing for immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA, and IgM antilipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Salmonella typhi antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed that the levels of all three classes of immunoglobulin anti-LPS of S. typhi were higher in typhoid patients than in healthy or febrile nontyphoidal groups. The ELISA assay was much more sensitive and specific than any combination of the Widal test, and hence it could be a useful tool for the serologic diagnosis of typhoidal fever with a single blood sample.
PRINCIPLE OF THE TEST
Diluted patient serum (serum diluent contains sorbent to remove rheumatoid factor and human IgG interference) is added to wells coated with purified antigen. IgM specific antibody, if present, binds to the antigen. All unbound materials are washed away and the enzyme conjugate is added to bind to the antibody-antigen complex, if present. Excess enzyme conjugate is washed off and substrate is added. The plate is incubated to allow the hydrolysis of the substrate by the enzyme. The intensity of the color generated is proportional to the amount of IgM specific antibody in the sample.